Reference card - IFs

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The reference card is a clearly defined description of model features. The numerous options have been organized into a limited amount of default and model specific (non default) options. In addition some features are described by a short clarifying text.

Legend:

  • not implemented
  • implemented
  • implemented (not default option)
Alert-warning.png Note: The documentation of IFs is 'submitted' and is not yet 'published'!

About

Name and version

IFs International Futures 7.36

Institution and users

Frederick S. Pardee Center for International Futures, University of Denver https://pardee.du.edu/ (Pardee Center), Colorado, USA, .

Documentation

IFs documentation consists of a referencecard and detailed model documentation

Model scope and methods

Model documentation: Model scope and methods - IFs


Concept

International Futures (IFs) is a country level (186 countries), long term integrated assessment system, hard-linking demographic, economic, education, health, governance, agriculture, energy, infrastructure, water, climate and other models; it is fully embedded in an interactive interface and is open source with web-based and downloadable versions.

Solution method

Dynamic recursive with annual time steps through 2100.

Anticipation

Myopic

Temporal dimension

Base year:2015, time steps:1 year time steps, horizon: 2100

Spatial dimension

Number of regions:186

  1. Afghanistan
  2. Albania
  3. Algeria
  4. Angola
  5. Argentina
  6. Armenia
  7. Australia
  8. Austria
  9. Azerbaijan
  10. Bahamas
  11. Bahrain
  12. Bangladesh
  13. Barbados
  14. Belarus
  15. Belgium
  16. Belize
  17. Benin
  18. Bhutan
  19. Bolivia
  20. Bosnia
  21. Botswana
  22. Brazil
  23. Brunei
  24. Bulgaria
  25. Burkina Faso
  26. Burundi
  27. Cambodia
  28. Cameroon
  29. Canada
  30. Cape Verde
  31. Central African Republic
  32. Chad
  33. Chile
  34. China
  35. Colombia
  36. Comoros
  37. Congo, Democratic Republic of
  38. Congo, Republic of
  39. Costa Rica
  40. Cote d'Ivoire
  41. Croatia
  42. Cuba
  43. Cyprus
  44. Czech Republic
  45. Denmark
  46. Djibouti
  47. Dominican Republic
  48. Ecuador
  49. Egypt
  50. El Salvador
  51. Equatorial Guinea
  52. Eritrea
  53. Estonia
  54. Ethiopia
  55. Fiji
  56. Finland
  57. France
  58. Gabon
  59. Gambia
  60. Georgia
  61. Germany
  62. Ghana
  63. Greece
  64. Grenada
  65. Guatemala
  66. Guinea
  67. Guinea Bissau
  68. Guyana
  69. Haiti
  70. Honduras
  71. Hong Kong
  72. Hungary
  73. Iceland
  74. India
  75. Indonesia
  76. Iran
  77. Iraq
  78. Ireland
  79. Israel
  80. Italy
  81. Jamaica
  82. Japan
  83. Jordan
  84. Kazakhstan
  85. Kenya
  86. North Korea
  87. South Korea
  88. Kosovo
  89. Kuwait
  90. Kyrgyzstan
  91. Laos
  92. Latvia
  93. Lebanon
  94. Lesotho
  95. Liberia
  96. Libya
  97. Lithuania
  98. Luxembourg
  99. Macedonia
  100. Madagascar
  101. Malawi
  102. Malaysia
  103. Maldives
  104. Mali
  105. Malta
  106. Mauritania
  107. Mauritius
  108. Mexico
  109. Micronesia
  110. Moldova
  111. Mongolia
  112. Montenegro
  113. Morocco
  114. Mozambique
  115. Myanmar
  116. Namibia
  117. Nepal
  118. Netherlands
  119. New Zealand
  120. Nicaragua
  121. Niger
  122. Nigeria
  123. Norway
  124. Oman
  125. Pakistan
  126. Palestine
  127. Panama
  128. Papua New Guinea
  129. Paraguay
  130. Peru
  131. Philippines
  132. Poland
  133. Portugal
  134. Puerto Rico
  135. Qatar
  136. Romania
  137. Russia
  138. Rwanda
  139. Samoa
  140. Sao Tome and Principe
  141. Saudi Arabia
  142. Senegal
  143. Serbia
  144. Seychelles
  145. Sierra Leone
  146. Singapore
  147. Slovak Republic
  148. Slovenia
  149. Solomon Islands
  150. Somalia
  151. South Africa
  152. Spain
  153. Sri Lanka
  154. St. Lucia
  155. St. Vincent and the Grenadines
  156. Sudan
  157. South Sudan
  158. Suriname
  159. Swaziland
  160. Sweden
  161. Switzerland
  162. Syria
  163. Taiwan
  164. Tajikistan
  165. Tanzania
  166. Thailand
  167. Timor-Leste
  168. Togo
  169. Tonga
  170. Trinidad
  171. Tunisia
  172. Turkey
  173. Turkmenistan
  174. UAE
  175. Uganda
  176. Ukraine
  177. United Kingdom
  178. Uruguay
  179. USA
  180. Uzbekistan
  181. Vanuatu
  182. Venezuela
  183. Vietnam
  184. Yemen
  185. Zambia
  186. Zimbabwe


Socio economic drivers

Model documentation: Socio-economic drivers - IFs

Exogenous drivers

  • Exogenous GDP
  • Total Factor Productivity
  • Labour Productivity
  • Capital Technical progress
  • Energy Technical progress
  • Materials Technical progress
  • GDP per capita

Endogenous drivers

  • GDP
  • Total Factor Productivity
  • Labour Productivity
  • Capital Technical progress
  • GDP per capita
  • Value added
  • Population
  • Energy demand

Development

  • GDP per capita
  • Income distribution in a region
  • Urbanisation rate
  • Education level
  • Labour participation rate

Macro economy

Model documentation: Macro-economy - IFs

Economic sectors

  • Agriculture
  • Industry
  • Energy
  • Transport
  • Services
  • Materials
  • Manufactures
  • ICT tech

Cost measures

  • GDP loss
  • Welfare loss
  • Consumption loss
  • Area under MAC
  • Energy system costs

Trade

  • Coal
  • Oil
  • Gas
  • Uranium
  • Electricity
  • Bioenergy crops
  • Food crops
  • Capital
  • Emissions permits
  • Non-energy goods
  • Energy
  • Agriculture
  • Materials
  • Manufactures
  • Services
  • ICT tech

Note: Energy trade is represented in a 'pooled' approach - imports and exports are aggregated across energy types.

Energy

Model documentation: Energy - IFs


Resource use

  • Coal
  • Oil
  • Gas
  • Uranium
  • Biomass

Electricity technologies

  • Coal
  • Gas
  • Oil
  • Nuclear
  • Biomass
  • Wind
  • Solar PV
  • CCS

Note: Electricity is aggregated for all fuel types in the model.

Conversion technologies

  • CHP
  • Heat pumps
  • Hydrogen
  • Fuel to gas
  • Fuel to liquid

Grid and infrastructure

  • Electricity
  • Gas
  • Heat
  • CO2
  • H2

Energy technology substitution

  • Discrete technology choices
  • Expansion and decline constraints
  • System integration constraints


Energy service sectors

  • Transportation
  • Industry
  • Residential and commercial

Land-use

Model documentation: Land-use - IFs; Non-climate sustainability dimension - IFs

Land-use

  • Cropland
  • Grazing
  • Forest
  • Other
  • Urban

Other resources

Model documentation: Non-climate sustainability dimension - IFs

Other resources

  • Water
  • Metals
  • Cement

Emissions and climate

Model documentation: Emissions - IFs; Climate - IFs

Green house gasses

  • CO2
  • CH4
  • N2O
  • HFCs
  • CFCs
  • SF6

Pollutants

  • NOx
  • SOx
  • BC
  • OC
  • Ozone

Climate indicators

  • CO2e concentration (ppm)
  • Climate damages $ or equivalent
  • Radiative Forcing (W/m2 )
  • Temperature change (°C)
  • Precipitation change